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4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences
4IeCSHSS * 24 December 2019 * e-conference@centerprode.com

PARTNER INSTITUTIONS:
Faculty of Philosophy, South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
Faculty of Business and Management, University of Ruse “Angel Kanchev”, Ruse, BULGARIA


Aims and Scope * Organisation * Texts and Participants

4IeCSHSS: CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS (PDF) - ISBN (Online) 978-86-81294-03-1
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04

Publisher: Center for Open Access in Science, Belgrade, SERBIA, December 2019

The Conference Proceedings are applied for indexing in the Web of Science Conference Proceedings Citation Index (CPCI), on 13 January 2020.

All articles published in the 4IeCSHSS: Conference Proceedings are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors hold the copyrights of their own articles by acknowledging that their articles are originally published in the 4IeCSHSS: Conference Proceedings.

How to reference the articles? (each article has its own DOI):
Drossinou Korea, M. (2019). Persons with autism and dyslexia in the tertiary education: The Targeted Individual Structured Integrated Intervention Program (TISIPfS-A/D). In: T. V. Petkova & V. S. Chukov (Eds.), 4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 1-16). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science. https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.01001d

Texts and Participants

001: Persons with autism and dyslexia in the tertiary education: The Targeted Individual Structured Integrated Intervention Program (TISIPfS-A/D)
Maria Drossinou Korea
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.01001d

002: Migrant workers from the perspective of the Israeli welfare state
Daniel Galily & David Schwartz
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.02017g

003: Implementation of the Shoah theme in the teaching of Literary Education from the perspective of teachers of Czech Language and Literature
Milan Mašát & Jana Sladová
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.03033m

004: Manipulating a child in the family: Exploring family empowerment models for developing positive relationships
Jasminka Zloković & Zlatka Gregorović Belaić
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.04047z

005: Correlation between family resilience factors and the satisfaction with peer relationships
Mirjana Radetić-Paić
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.05059r

006: Bulgarian Jewish women and scientific knowledge
Tatyana Vasileva Petkova
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.06071p

007: The clash between Christian and Islamic religion – The State of Israel
Vladimir Stefanov Chukov
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.07083c

008: Thoughts of teachers about the special education and training (SET)
Maria Drossinou Korea & Maria Mpakogianni
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.08093d

009: Counseling psychology: Types, objectives and the role of counseling psychologist
Nikolaos Georgoulas
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.09103g

010: Teachers’ attitudes and beliefs on differentiated teaching in the Greek Kindergarten, Primary and High School: A comparative research
Maria Sakellariou, Polyxeni Mitsi & Panagiota Strati
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.10113s

011: Macroeconomic environment and exchange rate dynamics: The case of Romania
Dumitru Nicuşor Cărăuşu & Angela Roman
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.11127c

012: Zambian constitutional history
Antonios Maniatis
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.12141m

013: EU winter energy package in the Slovak Republic
Veronika Munková & Pavol Chropovský
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.13151m

014: Implicative potential of structural indicators in speech acts of Marine Engineering communication
Jana Kegalj & Mirjana Borucinsky
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.14159k

015: Enhancing the adoption of innovative teaching practices – The role of student performance evaluation
Konstantina Maria Monemvasioti
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.15169m

016: Personality of social worker
Barbora Antolová
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.16183a

017: Premises for the penetration of Eastern thought in Bulgaria
Antoaneta Nikolova
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.17193n

018: Importance of game in special education and its use in the treatment of children with autism
Nikolaos Georgoulas
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.18205g

019: The preschool child: Initiative, active and independent
Blaga Georgieva Dzhorova
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.19215d

020: Some social aspects of the Secret Doctrine of Elena Blavatsky
Anna Delcheva Kaltseva
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.20227k

021: Psychology of masses in Sigmund Freud’s interpretation
Nikolay Angelov Tsenkov
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.21237t

022: Education system in Bulgaria: System error
Svetlin Mitrev Odadzhiev
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.22249o

023: Truth and domination of the visual image
Elica Tihomirova Nikolova
https://doi.org/10.32591/coas.e-conf.04.23255n

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001: Persons with autism and dyslexia in the tertiary education: The Targeted Individual Structured Integrated Intervention Program (TISIPfS-A/D)

Maria Drossinou Korea (PhD)
University of Peloponnese, School of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Department of Philology, Kalamata, GREECE

drossinou@hotmail.com * ORCID: 0000-0002-3668-4825

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 1-16). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: Introduction: The Europe’s legal framework is full of predictions about the right treatment of people with disabilities as the autism by the state services in all the levels of education. In the present study, it is examining the tertiary education through the pedagogical tool as the Targeted, Individual, Structured, Integrated intervention Program for the students with autism and Dyslexia (TISIPfS-A/D). Methods: In the methodology, it is used the study of bibliographic texts for the disability of autism and for the specific learning difficulties as the dyslexia. Also, it is integrated the action research through the pedagogical tool as the TISIPfS-A/D with the case study to a student 28 years old with autism from the Agricultural University of Athens (AUA). The same person, in the primary education he had been diagnosed with dyslexia and in the fifth year of AUA courses, he has took a diagnosis as Asperger from Aigenetion hospital. The survey lasted for four years (2012-2016). The central hypothesis in all the corpus of this work research is the question of student: - Is it better for my future the diagnosis of autism or the diagnosis of dyslexia, trying to give some security answer points? Results: The nature of the reflection from this action research through the pedagogical tool as the TISIPfS-A/D was positive. Because first of all helped the student to understand the differences between the dyslexia and autism into the everyday behavior with others, but and the same self. However, the protected environment was occasional because the University did not developed enough supporting services for the employment transition as a graduate. Implications: The example of AUA could be a good practice of special education in tertiary level for the people who suffer from autism.

Keywords: autism, tertiary  education, action research, TISIPfS-A/D.

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002: Migrant workers from the perspective of the Israeli welfare state

Daniel Galily (PhD student)
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Faculty of Philosophy, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
daniel.galily@gmail.com * ORCID: 0000-0001-9111-4502 * Researcher ID: D-4390-2019

David Schwartz (PhD)
Bar-Ilan University, Department of Political Science, Ramat Gan, ISRAEL
dvd99@015.net.il * ORCID: 0000-0002-3989-8546

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 17-32). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The phenomenon of work migration and of the entry of foreign workers into the local labor market is explained as a part of the development of a global capitalist economy that creates inequality between countries with surplus capital and countries with surplus working hands. It is also possible to see this as a gap between core countries and peripheral countries and the relationships of the dependence of the latter on the former. Another possible way to examine this is through the mechanisms of social and economic welfare that exist in these countries that absorb migrant workers and that create a comfortable social infrastructure for the absorption of migrant workers and family members who are interested in ensuring for themselves a better future. In the peripheral countries, there are excess labor forces, which in practice are used to fill gaps in manpower in the economies of the core countries. Lacking sources of income, whether due to shortages or war, many residents of peripheral countries are forced to migrate to developed countries, the majority of which have, to some degree or another, mechanisms of a welfare state and which have developed the demand for unskilled workers who do not hesitate to take on any job. While the Palestinian workers worked in the areas of Israel on a daily basis and returned to their place of residence, the massive absorption of the migrant workers from distant countries led to the formation of foreign communities in the large cities and the agricultural communities in Israel. The steadily increasing process of the friction between the citizens of the state and the migrant workers, alongside the steadily increasing competition for work places, increased the social disputes between the low classes and the migrant workers. The process of the reduction of the number of migrant workers was only partially successful following the continual infiltration of illegal foreign workers and the entry of asylum seekers from Africa. From the moment that the government made the decision to deport migrant workers, the rights of migrant workers worsened. The maltreatment of the migrant workers by their employers worsened because of the workers’ constant fear of deportation. Simultaneously, the migrant workers found themselves suddenly stranded in a foreign country without any possibility of approaching the government authorities in cases of the violation of their basic rights.

Keywords: migrant workers, employers, Israel studies.

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003: Implementation of the Shoah theme in the teaching of Literary Education from the perspective of teachers of Czech Language and Literature

Milan Mašát (PhD student)
milan.masat01@upol.cz * ORCID: 0000-0001-8602-3059 * Researcher ID: D-9219-2019

Jana Sladová (PhD)
jana.sladova@upol.cz * ORCID: 0000-0003-1340-244X

University Palacký Olomouc, Faculty of Education, Department of Czech Language and Literature, Olomouc, CZECH REPUBLIC

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 33-46). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The paper presents partial results of a quantitative research survey dealing with the opinions of teachers of Czech language and literature in the Vysočina Region on the implementation of the Shoah theme in the teaching of literary education at the second grade of primary schools. The article presents the results of the questionnaire items, which focused on the authors that the teachers of the given subject represent to the pupils at a defined level of institutional education. We also compare the data obtained with the details obtained by analyzing the reading-books for the second grade of primary schools, which have a clause of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic.

Keywords: Shoah, Holocaust, implementation, second grade of primary schools, teacher.

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004: Manipulating a child in the family: Exploring family empowerment models for developing positive relationships

Jasminka Zloković (PhD)
jzlokovic@ffri.hr * ORCID: 0000-0002-9593-0176 * Researcher ID: Q-6587-2018

Zlatka Gregorović Belaić (PhD student)
zlatka.belaic@uniri.hr * ORCID: 0000-0002-8815-0059 * Researcher ID: O-1280-2018

University in Rijeka, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Education, Rijeka, CROATIA

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 47-58). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: Children and young people are one of the most vulnerable population to various forms of manipulation. The most common manipulative strategies used by parents are emotional and cognitive manipulation in situations like: marital disagreements, divorces, parental blackmail, economic exploitation of the child, imposition of their own ambitions on the child, etc. The results indicate that a large number of parents who have experienced some form of partner violence estimate that their children demostrate behavioral changes and risky behaviors. This leads to the conclusion that unstable and conflicting relationships between spouse/partner can be a critical factor for inappropriate relationships with the child, and that unstable families are a very strong predictor of the child's asocial behavior.

Keywords: child manipulation, violent behavior among partners, children’s behavioral changes.

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005: Correlation between family resilience factors and the satisfaction with peer relationships

Mirjana Radetić-Paić (PhD)
Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Pula, CROATIA
miradet@unipu.hr * ORCID: 0000-0002-5256-724X

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 59-70). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The aim of the research is to determine the correlation between the factors of family resilience and the satisfaction with own peer relationships. The purpose of the research is linked to planning adequate activities for university students of the Faculty of Educational Sciences of the Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Croatia, regarding their peer relationships in a wide sense, because relationships with peers have a very important role in adolescence which can be understood with regard to decisions made by adolescents, as well as to the way they behave. The regression analysis has been used as the multivariate method of data processing. The scientific value of the obtained results is manifested through indicators showing that both the help and support in problem solving offered by family and pleasant family atmosphereis important for a satisfaction with one’s peer relationships.

Keywords: family, peer, resilience, satisfaction, university students.

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006: Bulgarian Jewish women and scientific knowledge

Tatyana Vasileva Petkova (PhD)
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Faculty of Philosophy, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
tatianavas@abv.bg * tpetkova@swu.bg * ORCID: 0000-0003-4567-8635 * Researcher ID: I-2809-2015

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 71-82). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The main aim of the study is: to present the Bulgarian Jewish women who are not widely known in our society, but their contribution in scientific knowledge is enormous, with which to give an unexpected insight into science – how in times when abusive with the scientific knowledge is destroying millions of human beings, these same people, despite their fate, they make and impossible to preserve their lives and to create a science that is in favor of all humanity. Between 30 January 1933, when Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, and 9 May 1945, 6 million were killed, of which 1.5 million were babies and young children. Every two of three Jews in Europe are killed. Among these 6 million ordinary people, there are also thousands of rabbis, teachers, academics, researchers, engineers, artists, writers, musicians, doctors, financiers, sports and culture people. Holocaust is a targeted genocide against the European population in the 20th century – the European Jews, by the National Fascists in Germany, with purpose to clear the population of Germany/Europe from certain ethnic groups. The Hebrew word for the Holocaust is “Shoah” (השואה) – destruction, a great catastrophe.

Keywords: Bulgarian Jewish women, scientific knowledge.

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007: The clash between Christian and Islamic religion – The State of Israel

Vladimir Stefanov Chukov (PhD)
University of Ruse “Angel Kanchev”, Faculty of Business and Management, BULGARIA
vladimir_chukov@abv.bg * vlach1@gmail.com * ORCID: 0000-0002-4544-3708 * Researcher ID: Y-9550-2018

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 83-92). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: This study aims to present the clash between evangelical love and the Ja'afaritan hatred in Israel. The article analyzes: stages of the Israeli-Palestinian clash – the genesis of confrontation changes depending on internal political, demographic, ethno-confessional, social and economic factors; Iran and the US – the clash of Islam and Christianity – tensions that can be interpreted by the immanent collision between separate components of two unorthodox denominations of Christian and Islamic religion. It is apparent that visions of two minority antagonist-minded denominations collide with the assessment of the existence of the State of Israel. The first, the Evangelical, is a strong supporter of the Jewish state, and the second is the Ja'afarita, which strongly denies its existence. This type of confrontational and mutually-disruptive energy, transformed into the foreign policy of two countries with enormous potential, heralds a long and devastating fight.

Keywords: Christian religion, Islamic religion, Israel, Iran, USA.

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008: Thoughts of teachers about the special education and training (SET)

Maria Drossinou Korea (PhD)
drossinou@hotmail.com * ORCID: 0000-0002-3668-4825

Maria Mpakogiani
maria.mpakogianni@hotmail.com

University of Peloponnese, School of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Department of Philology, Kalamata, GREECE

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 93-102). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The present work deals with the general concept of the verb “educate”, but also the more specific concept of educational methods, rules and pedagogical principles that govern the learning process for students with autism. The research focuses on the education of students with autism according to the theory of mind (TOM) and the application of differentiated pedagogical materials and educational tools, according to the TISIPfSENs (Targeted Individual Structured – Inclusive Intervention Program of Special Educational Needs). It also focuses on the relationship emerging from the educational process between the teacher and the student. The methodology utilizes a bibliographic overview and study of texts on childhood autism by Claire Synodinou’s book, reflecting on the meaning of the education of the mind and the soul. The research tools are defined according to the methodology of observing children with special educational needs (SENs). The first tool uses hetero-observations for understanding persons with autism which conducted as part of a voluntary work in Day Center for children and adolescents, exploring the meaning of mind and soul education through interactive teaching sessions between therapists and the 15 serving persons with autism, aged 8 to 19, with an average age of 12 years. The second tool utilizes the self-observations of the volunteer – philologist about what she understands and thinks about the special education and training (SET) to the autism. The thoughts contain as a part of the pedagogical tool TISIPfSENs education with emphasis to the differentiated pedagogical material used to carry out the educational process. The results suggest the need for reformulation of meanings for the SET, the mind and the soul primarily intended to humans with peculiarities, such as neuropsychiatric disorders in autistic spectrum. Furthermore, the necessity of educating People with Autism in Day Centers with the TISIPfSENs pedagogical tool is emphasized. Concluding the above, it is suggested to study the TOM theory for autism, as well as the more systematic SET with the soul of both the teachers and the student.

Keywords: educate, autism, TISIPfSENs, hetero-observation, self-observation.

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009: Counseling psychology: Types, objectives and the role of counseling psychologist

Nikolaos Georgoulas (PhD student)
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Faculty of Philosophy, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
nikosgeorg@windowslive.com * ORCID: 0000-0001-9993-2825

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 103-112). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: In this article the concept of counseling psychology, the four major general groups of counseling psychology, its goals, objectives and types and the role of the counseling psychologist and the characteristics that he should have regardless of the type of counseling he uses are analyzed. The counselingpsychology through different theoretical approaches will be discussed in more detail. Regarding the types of counseling psychology a general distinction that can be made as to methodology and procedure which is used in counseling psychology, is between individual or personal and group counseling. The role of the counseling psychologist it could be argued that he does not only deal with psychotherapy, but also with research, teaching as well as with administrative activities, depending on the context in which he operates.

Keywords: counseling psychology, counseling psychologist, objectives – types of counseling psychology, roles of  counseling psychologist.

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010: Teachers’ attitudes and beliefs on differentiated teaching in the Greek Kindergarten, Primary and High School: A comparative research

Maria Sakellariou (PhD)
marisak@yahoo.gr * ORCID: 0000-0001-7538-6751

Polyxeni Mitsi (PhD candidate)
pollymitsi@yahoo.gr * ORCID: 0000-0002-7414-6227

Panagiota Strati (PhD)
panagiotastrati@yahoo.gr * ORCID: 0000-0003-4701-4154

University of Ioannina, Department of Pre-School Education, Ioaninna, GREECE

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 113-126). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: In the modern multicultural and multifunctional educational reality, differentiated teaching is a new and innovative pedagogical approach, of the whole learning process (Smit & Humpert, 2012), which respects diversity and meets the needs of all pupils (Valiandes, Koutselini & Kyriakides, 2011). The differentiation of teaching as an “anthropocentric” pedagogical proposal (Valiandes & Neophytou, 2017) promotes equality in learning opportunities and efficiency, enriches the cognitive level, while at the same time enables all pupils to experience success (Koutselini & Agathagelou, 2009; Valiandes, 2015). Concerning the teacher’s crucial role in achieving the above, the training and development of teaching skills in the theory and practice of differentiation is a prerequisite (Valiandes, 2015; Koutselini, 2008). The purpose of this proposal is to investigate the teachers’ attitudes and beliefs in the Greek Kindergarten, Primary and High School on the theoretical framework and practical implementation of differentiated teaching in daily teaching practice. The number of participants is 296 teachers working in kindergartens, primary and high schools in the region of Epirus. The methodology follows a quantitative research approach and the structured questionnaire was used as our research tool. The findings of the research showed divergences concerning the awareness of theoretical framework and the practical implementation of differentiated teaching to teachers of all levels. While the research findings are limited, although they highlight the need for further practical training on innovative and alternative teaching approaches at all levels of education in order to maximizing the learning outcomes and upgrade the educational quality.

Keywords: differentiated teaching, beliefs, teachers, kindergarten, primary school, high school.

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011: Macroeconomic environment and exchange rate dynamics: The case of Romania

Dumitru Nicuşor Cărăuşu (PhD)
nicusor@live.com * ORCID: 0000-0001-9177-4252

Angela Roman (PhD)
aboariu@uaic.ro * ORCID: 0000-0003-0402-7641 * Researcher ID: G-9223-2018

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Iasi, ROMANIA

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 127-140). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The evolution of the exchange rate is a key factor in establishing the macroeconomic environment of emerging economies. Policymakers, the business environment, investors and the population of a country are interested in this matter due the potential negative effects of exchange rate volatility on the general macroeconomic environment. This paper revisits the nexus between the exchange rate and the macroeconomic environment of Romania between January 2000 and December 2018 using wavelet based methodologies. Based upon the wavelet coherency analysis, we found that the exchange rate plays a key role in establishing the evolution of interest rates, inflation and financial market development, while for the economic cycle the exchange rate is less important. In general, the long-term exchange rate is influenced by inflation, interest rates, and while in short-term and especially during financial crisis periods, the exchange rate acts as the leading role for the two variables. In the case of the financial market evolution, the exchange rate is a key factor during financial crisis periods, while for longer periods we note an anti-cyclical behavior between these two variables. Furthermore, the economic cycle of Romania acts as the leading factor in both normal and turmoil periods of economic growth. Our empirical results reveal the importance of monitoring and controlling the exchange rate by central banks because the nexus between the exchange rate and the macroeconomic environment depends on the time horizon. In addition, our research is important for policy makers who are interested identifying, monitoring and controlling the key macroeconomic factors that influence the evolution of the exchange rate. To the best of our knowledge, there is a limited number of recent studies regarding Romania, which try to identify the linkages between the exchange rate and several macroeconomic factors. Therefore, our study contributes to existing literature, by offering addition empirical evidence regarding which macroeconomic variable acts as an initiator or as lag in the evolution of the exchange rate in emerging economies by using modern methods of analysis like wavelet analysis.

Keywords: exchange rate, volatility, macroeconomic fundamentals, wavelet analysis.

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012: Zambian constitutional history

Antonios Maniatis (PhD)
University of Patras, Department of Administrative Science and Technology, Patras, GREECE
maniatis@dikaio.gr * ORCID: 0000-0002-7537-8724

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 141-150). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The current study consists of a global overview of the various phases of the State of Zambia, as for the adoption, the application and the amendment of its formal Constitutions. Northern Rhodesia in a way was acquainted with the phenomenon of “constitutions”, granted by the UK. The constitutional history of the Republic of Zambia, into which the former protectorate was transformed in 1964, is divided in two periods, the post-independence period and the post-cold war one. These periods exemplify those of African constitutionalism, which is marked by various authoritarian regimes (1960-1980) and neo-constitutionalism (from 1990 to date). The constitutional history of the sovereign State of Zambia is also dominated by the figure of the President of Republic to such a pitch that even democratic forms of governance essentially have constituted more or less presidentialism. As for as the British protectorate of Barotseland, it is no coincidence that it was incorporated in the Republic of Zambia with some privileges on the basis of the 1964 Barotseland Agreement (terminated in 1969), but with no clause in the 1964 Constitution.

Keywords: African constitutionalism, Barotseland, constitutional history, constitutional law, Zambia.

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013: EU winter energy package in the Slovak Republic

Veronika Munková (PhD)
Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Law, Bratislava, SLOVAKIA
veronika.munkova@flaw.uniba.sk

Pavol Chropovský (Master of Law)
Regulatory Office for Network Industries, Bratislava, SLOVAKIA
pchropovsky@yahoo.com

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 151-158). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: In this article, the authors deal with the adoption of the EU Winter Energy Package and ACER as an independent European authority which supports cooperation among national regulatory authorities.  The EU Winter Energy Package brought very significant changes in the energy sector to Slovakia. The main task of EU Winter Energy Package is to facilitate the transition of individual Member States of the European Union to the so-called clean energy based on renewable energy sources and to achieve the interconnection of energy markets of the individual Member States of the European Union. As the main tool of achieving the interconnection of energy markets of the individual Member States of the European Union should be reinforcement of powers of ACER.

Keywords: Winter Energy Package EU, Agency for Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER), powers, renewable energy resources, energy, energy markets.

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014: Implicative potential of structural indicators in speech acts of Marine Engineering communication

Jana Kegalj (MA)
kegalj@pfri.hr * ORCID: 0000-0001-6134-709X

Mirjana Borucinsky (PhD)
mborucin@pfri.hr * ORCID: 0000-0002-1132-9720

University of Rijeka, Faculty of Maritime Studies, Department of Foreign Languages, Rijeka, CROATIA

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 159-168). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: Lexical and syntactic structures modify the illocutionary force of the speech acts. The paper tries to determine the connection between the syntactic and lexical structures and their pragmatic goal, i.e. speech act illocution. The paper uses the basic notions of the speech act theory (Austin 2014, Searle 1991), Altmann’s (1993) theory of sentence types whose semantics may be determined by interpreting the speaker’s attitude, and the theory of speech act modifiers (Blum-Kulka 2005). The authors analyzed a corpus of Marine engineering written correspondence (e-mails), using a bottom-up approach, to establish how structural indicators modify the implicative potential of an utterance. The research was based on a qualitative analysis, taking into consideration the specific character of written communication, whereby the structures used by the speakers to communicate will also be specific. In that sense, it was expected that the speakers rely more on language structures as opposed to extra linguistic means, and to find a more powerful role of indirect speech acts. Based on that analysis, the potential of each category will be determined for this specific corpus so as to clarify the relation of language structures and cognitive processes.

Keywords: speech acts, Marine engineering communications, structural indicators, illocution.

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015: Enhancing the adoption of innovative teaching practices – The role of student performance evaluation

Konstantina Maria Monemvasioti (MA, postgraduate student)
University of Thessaly, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Primary Education, Volos, GREECE
monekonstantina@gmail.com

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 169-182). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The issue of improving the provided educational project spurs the research interest of scholars of education internationally. The search for innovative teaching practices that will enhance the educational process and respond better to the modern educational needs of the student population is intensifying. The evaluation of the student, as a process inseparable from daily teaching practice, is another piece that needs to be modernized to function properly pedagogical and contributes to improving teaching and support the adoption of innovative teaching practices. Research findings show that the way that students today are evaluated is not in line with the adoption of innovative teaching practices, does not serve educational purposes and as a final step of controlling the effectiveness of teaching practices, is not used in a way to maintain, modify, correct or to take supportive measures in order to improve the teaching process and make educational work more efficient. The use of a combination of assessment methods and descriptive assessment as a means of capturing the assessment results in the adoption of innovative teaching practices, is consistent with the prospect of modernizing the educational process. With this problematic, a survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire, which constituted the research tool, in active primary education teachers in the province of Arta, in order to investigate the way in which student assessment is carried out and whether it is used to obtain supportive or remedial instruction and pedagogical measures by teachers. The main findings of the research, which corroborate those of the corresponding studies, are the use of traditional assessment techniques, the limited provision of feedback to pupils and the limited degree of adaptation of teaching practices based on assessment of pupil performance. There is a need to modernize student assessment tools, as the use of outdated assessment practices is inconsistent with the adoption of innovative teaching practices and acts as an obstacle to upgrading the quality of educational work.

Keywords: evaluation of student performance, evaluation methods, descriptive evaluation, innovative teaching practices, quality of educational work.

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016: Personality of social worker

Barbora Antolová (PhD student)
Catholic University in Ružomberok, Faculty of Education, Department of Social Work, Ružomberok, SLOVAKIA
baboka.antolova@gmail.com * ORCID: 0000-0002-1959-6372

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 183-192). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: This article provides insight into the performance of social work by social workers. The article briefly describes the concepts of social work, social worker, and personality. Social work is a profession that promotes the healthy development of human ties and the right social changes in society, leading to greater prosperity and solidarity. Through social work, therefore, professionals are social workers who are to act on certain positive factors related to an individual, group or community. In the theoretical paper we examine the specifics of the performance of professional social work by social workers. We can say that social work is important in this millennium because it focuses on relations between subjects and their surroundings.

Keywords: social worker, social work, client, help.

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017: Premises for the penetration of Eastern thought in Bulgaria

Antoaneta Nikolova (PhD)
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Faculty of Philosophy, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
Leipzig University, Faculty of History, Arts and Oriental Studies, Leipzig, GERMANY
anikolova@swu.bg * ORCID: 0000-0001-9215-5090 * Researcher ID: U-3157-2017

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 193-204). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: There are many factors that facilitate the perception of Eastern thought in Bulgaria. In this paper, I will regard two groups of premises: spiritual heritage and political history. In the first part, I will discuss the peculiarities of Christianity in Bulgaria as well as some specific Bulgarian answers to the spiritual quests at the beginning of last century, especially the ideas of Dunovism with its ambivalent attitude to Eastern teachings. In the second part, I will regard the period of socialism in Bulgaria with the impact of atheistic education and the activity of Lyudmila Zhivkova. I regard the influence of Dunovism, which prepared the inner spiritual soil for accepting the Eastern ideas, and the activity of Lyudmila Zhivkova, who introduced these ideas as a state policy, as a unique combination that facilitated the wide spread of yoga, meditation and different kinds of Far East spiritual teachings after the changes at the end of 1980s.

The research is a part of a project within Marie Sklodowska-Curie Action, European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, grant No. 753561.

Keywords: Eastern teachings, Dunovism, Lyudmila Zhivkova, yoga.

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018: Importance of game in special education and its use in the treatment of children with autism

Nikolaos Georgoulas (PhD student)
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Faculty of Philosophy, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
nikosgeorg@windowslive.com * ORCID: 0000-0001-9993-2825

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 205-214). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: Game takes place in school, in parks, in daycare places, early intervention programs, in therapeutic sessions and especially at home. It is an essential element of the development of all children and children with special needs. The use of game in the treatment and in the psychology of children with autism provides significant benefits for these children. Children with autism are extremely difficult to relate to others, especially to children of the same age in ordinary ways. Game is a wonderful tool that can help children with autism to participate in interactions. When it is used properly game can also allow children to discover their feelings, their environment, and their relationships with parents, siblings and children of the same age. Through play, children learn to communicate with others, express feelings, modify their behavior and develop problem-solving skills. They also learn various ways of building relationships with others. Game provides a safe psychological distance from their problems and allows them to express thoughts and emotions that are appropriate for their development.

Keywords: game, autism, treatment of children with autism, play therapy.

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019: The preschool child: Initiative, active and independent

Blaga Georgieva Dzhorova (PhD)
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Faculty of Pedagogy, Pre-primary and Primary School Education Department, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
blagadzhorova@swu.bg * ORCID: 0000-0002-8028-8336 * Researcher ID: F-7278-2014

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 215-226). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The paper’s purpose is to study and present the possibilities of the educational environment in kindergarten for stimulating the child’s initiative, activity and independence. The study was conducted in 35 groups in kindergartens in different settlements. The results obtained indicate that there is an educational environment that creates prerequisites for the active participation of the child in the various activities – play, learning, communication, and work, for the expression of children’s independence and for showing initiative. Some recommendations are summarized aiming to use the qualities already developed in the child at preschool age as a basis for personal development and stimulation of children’s creativity, teamwork and sociality.

Keywords: activity, child, initiative, preschool age, independence.

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020: Some social aspects of the Secret Doctrine of Elena Blavatsky

Anna Delcheva Kaltseva (PhD student)
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Faculty of Philosophy, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
akaltseva67@gmail.com * ORCID: 0000-0003-0601-203X * Researcher ID: D-9552-2019

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 227-236). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The paper attempts to show the social character of major philosophical aspects in Elena Blavatsky’s the Secret Doctrine. These are the staging of Unity in the Universe, of the continuous movement of the Cosmos and of human being, of the evolution under the rules of cause and consequence, of cyclicality and hylozoism. Proper understanding and knowledge of these foundations of the Universe could change the mass consciousness and serve as a basis for the creation of a society guided by the principles of love, charity and mutual assistance. And these are essentially alternatives to the current risk society in which human civilization resides.

Keywords: Blavatsky, social, Unity, Universe, evolution, alternatives, risk, human.

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021: Psychology of masses in Sigmund Freud’s interpretation

Nikolay Angelov Tsenkov (PhD student)
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Faculty of Philosophy, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
n_tsenkov@abv.bg * ORCID: 0000-0001-9024-1067 * Researcher ID: E-1681-2019

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 237-248). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The article focuses on the psychology of masses according to Sigmund Freud, which he presents in his work "Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego". Analogies between the infantile sexual development and the morphology of psychological crowds are indicated. The article also discusses some pathogenic personal manifestations in the crowd at the stage of mature sexual organization through the phenomenon of infatuation and sexual overestimation.

Keywords: Sigmund Freud, masses, group psychology, libido.

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022: Education system in Bulgaria: System error

Svetlin Mitrev Odadzhiev (PhD student)
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Faculty of Philosophy, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
svetlin_21@mail.bg * ORCID: 0000-0003-1828-1202 * Researcher ID: G-1131-2019

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 249-254). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: The paper discusses the problems in Bulgarian education system. Nowadays Bulgarian teacher faces many obstacles in performing his duty. Besides his main duty to teach, Bulgarian teacher has many other as well. He has become not just an educator, but family consult, security guard, administrator, social worker and many more. The new system of funding schools empowered the students and made teachers helpless to impose discipline in or out of the classroom.

Keywords: Bulgarian education, teacher, delegated budget, school.

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023: Truth and domination of the visual image

Elica Tihomirova Nikolova (PhD student)
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Faculty of Philosophy, Blagoevgrad, BULGARIA
elicatihomirova@gmail.com * ORCID: 0000-0002-1822-1376

4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences: Conference Proceedings (pp. 255-262). Belgrade: Center for Open Access in Science.

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Abstract: This text aims to trace the social meaning of the visual image. On the one hand, how true is the photographic image in particular, and how much we can trust that it is an absolute replica of reality. On the other hand, it is considered the impact and his public use. Practically, every person, holding a phone, owns a weapon. The weapon is the visual image that has the power to ideologize and mythologize. Theoretical pillars are the ideas of Roland Bart – for the ideological significance of photography and cinema, of Suzan Sontag – for the reality of the image and its emotional significance, and of Jean Baudrillard – for the concept simulacrum.

Keywords: visual image, social significance, ideology.

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Discussion Window

Discussion Form

Your presentations (regarding to your own abstract or text), and different kinds of comments, analyses, critics, etc. (regarding abstracts and texts of other participants) are posted here.

Jasminka Zloković & Zlatka Gregorović Belaić, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Education, Rijeka, CROATIA

Comment on 004 - 20 December 2019, 13:13 (GMT+01:00): Dear All, we are open to questions, suggestions and your own personal experiences regarding our topic (Manipulating a child in the Family). We respectfully expect your comments.

Jasminka Zloković & Zlatka Gregorović Belaić, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Education, Rijeka, CROATIA

Comment on 015 - 20 December 2019, 13:17 (GMT+01:00): Enhancing the adoption of innovative teaching practices – The role of student performance evaluation. Sometimes it seems that the ways in which student achievement is assessed are the only ones that have not experienced a 21st century modernization. We seem to forget that information is more accessible to everyone, including students, than ever, but the methods and forms of teaching are still the same as they were decades ago. Assessing student knowledge is equally outdated. It is as we are still trying to "catch the student in what he does not know" rather than give him the opportunity to show what he knows and can do.

Mirjana Radetić-Paić, Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Pula, CROATIA

Comment on 016 - 21 December 2019, 19:33 (GMT+01:00): Personality of social worker. The abstract, by the phenomenon it deals with, by its systematization, and by facts, attitudes and conclusions is very current. Firstly, the role of the social worker needs to be supported on several levels, especially related to their dignity (as well as the dignity of the teacher, for example, in a wide sense) which has been significantly impaired lately. It is true that social work is important in this millennium because it focuses on relations between subjects and their surroundings. But, the rhetorical question is, what is our surroundings like today?! This makes the job of a social worker more demanding and challenging today.

Jasminka Zloković & Zlatka Gregorović Belaić, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Education, Rijeka, CROATIA

Comment on 005 - 22 December 2019, 16:05 (GMT+01:00): Correlation between family resilience factors and the satisfaction with peer relationships. You have an interesting work. The topic is close to our area of interest, can you tell us more about the results.

Mirjana Radetić-Paić, Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Pula, CROATIA

Comment on 005 - 22 December 2019, 21:12 (GMT+01:00): Correlation between family resilience factors and the satisfaction with peer relationships. Thank you for your question. The family resilience factors’ arithmetic means, in general, were highest for items regarding family strength to cope with difficulties and getting help in need from relatives and friends (it was possible to give answers following the five-degree Likert type scale – 1=I completely disagree…. 5=I completely agree). The standard regression coefficient was the highest and statistically significant for both We discuss problems until we find the solution and In our family there is a pleasant atmosphere. Yes, there is connection with your study which also shows that unstable families are a very strong predictor of the child's asocial behavior. So, bad developmental outcomes of the young, but also good ones, have to be observed through a wider prism of outcomes and as a characteristic of the specific interaction between an individual and the environment, especially peers and family.

Zlatka Gregorović Belaić, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Education, Rijeka, CROATIA

Comment on 010 - 23 December 2019, 9:53 (GMT+01:00)Teachers' attitudes and beliefs on differentiated teaching in the Greek Kindergarten, Primary and High School: A comparative research. We are very interested in the results of your research. Can you tell us more about the discrepancy between teacher theoretical knowledge and practical implementation?

Antonios Maniatis, University of Patras, Department of Administrative Science and Technology, Patras, GREECE

Comment on 012 - 23 December 2019, 13:10 (GMT+01:00):

Highlight 1 - The profile of Zambian Constitutional History  

  • Zambian Constitutional History has an important precedent in the colonial era.
  • Constitutional History of the Republic of Zambia is very rich with original features worldwide.
  • The constitutional normativity of this former protectorate remains actual.

Highlight 2 - The Constitutions of the Republic of Zambia

  • The 1964 Constitution was granted by the UK.
  • The 1964 Constitution omitted the 1964 Barotseland Agreement, terminated in 1969.
  • The 1964 Constitution previewed presidential (non-parliamentary) Republic.
  • The 1973 Constitution regulated an authoritarian, one-party Republic.
  • The 1991 Constitution re-introduced the presidential, democratic Republic.
  • The 1996 version of the 1991 Constitution was ambivalent, reproducing Presidentialism and introducing the Christian character of Zambian Nation.
The 2016 version of the 1991 Constitution is a modern text, implicating various enhancements.

Angela Roman, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Iasi, ROMANIA

Comment on 011 - 23 December 2019, 17:42 (GMT+01:00): Dear colleagues, thank you very much for the opportunity to participate with a paper at 4th International e-Conference on Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. We are open to your comments and suggestions regarding our paper - Macroeconomic environment and exchange rate dynamics: The case of Romania.

Antonios Maniatis, University of Patras, Department of Administrative Science and Technology, Patras, GREECE

Presentation for 012 - 24 December 2019, 13:06 (GMT+01:00): Zambian constitutional history. Presentation

Antonios Maniatis, University of Patras, Department of Administrative Science and Technology, Patras, GREECE

Comment on 012 - 24 December 2019, 13:34 (GMT+01:00): Zambian constitutional history.

African Constitutionalism (from 1950s to date)   

  • First Cycle (1950s, 1960s): "Post-independence Constitutionalism" (Republic inspired by the former colonial force, Presidentialism invented in Latin America).
  • Second Cycle (1960s, 1970s): No Constitutionalism, with democratic exceptions, such as Botswana: either one-party Constitutions (the term "autochthonous Constitutionalism" is inaccurate) or military dictatorships, with constitutional text or not.    
  • Third Cycle (from 1991 to date): Neo-constitutionalism, endowed with the introduction of many novelties, such as Constitutional Court. The Republic of Zambia exemplifies all cycles and is marked by the illegal dissolution of Barotseland (Western Province), in 1969. Last but not least, is the UK’s  former protectorate of Barotseland "ashes of History"?

Polyxeni Mitsi, University of Ioannina, Department of Pre-School Education, Ioaninna, GREECE

Comment on 010 - 28 December 2019, 16:47 (GMT+01:00): Teachers’ attitudes and beliefs on differentiated teaching in the Greek Kindergarten, Primary and High School: A comparative research. Dear organizers, congratulations on the excellent organization of the e-conference. Concerning our research, we hope that from the full article we showed detailed differences between Primary and Secondary Education teachers’ theoretical knowledge and practical implementation of differentiated teaching, however if there are any further questions or queries we are pleased to answer. Thank you once again!

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Aims and Scope

The aim of the e-Conference was to bring together scholars, administrators and students from different countries, and to discuss theoretical and practical issues in different areas of Humanities and Social Sciences. The e-Conference is organized as a kind of a multi-disciplinary forum which provided the appropriate opportunities for inter-disciplinary communications.

The following areas of study are covered by the e-Conference: Philosophy, Anthropology, Psychology, Science of Education, History, Linguistics, Arts, Sociology, Political Science, Law, and Economics.

The e-Conference is organized exclusively as an online conference, and the English was the only language of the conference.

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Organization

Two phases of the e-Conference realization are applied.

The first phase was the e-Pre-Conference Discussion (from 20 to 23 December 2019), and this phase is followed by the posting at the COAS website different textual forms sent by the e-Conference participants, such as discussions, analyses, critics, comments, suggestions, proposals, etc., regarding exposed abstracts. All textual forms are reviewed and posted at the COAS website by the e-Conference moderators.

The second phase was the e-Conference Discussion, and it is realized at the e-Conference day (24 December 2019), from 00 to 24 (GMT+01:00). This discussion is realized in the same way as the e-Pre-Conference discussion, regarding the full texts exposed at the COAS website.

The accepted abstracts and full texts are published in the e-Conference Proceedings, with regular eISBN number. The e-Conference Proceedings are published in an open access mode, and submitted for indexing in different international databases. The key elements from the e-Pre- and the e-Conference discussions are summarized and also published as part of the e-Conference Proceedings, by decision of the Scientific Committee.

All submitted abstracts/full texts went through two reviewing processes: (1) double-blind (at least two reviewers), and (2) non-blind (two members of the Scientific Committee). Final decision for the presenting and publishing depended of the two kinds of reviews, thus a paper is recommended by non-blind reviewers and blind reviewers, in order to be accepted for presentation at the conference and to be published in the e-Conference Proceedings.

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IBAN RS35160005400002555368

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 COAS e-Conferences

1IeCSHSS * 29 June 2018
2IeCSHSS * 21 December 2018
3IeCSHSS * 28 June 2019
4IeCSHSS * 24 December 2019
5IeCSHSS * 28 June 2020

The COAS plans and organizes e-conferences, as a kind of online international sessions, in different areas of science. E-conferences will be organized with different academic partners (institutions of higher education, research institutes, governmental institutions, NGOs, scientific associations, etc.).

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